The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) said it would give the award to former Israeli nuclear technician Mordechai Vanunu, the Israeli newspaper Maariv reported on Sunday.
Vanunu will receive the 2010 Carl von Ossietzky medal. German journalist Ossietzky won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1935 for speaking out against the Nazi Party.
Vanunu learned about Israeli’s secret production of plutonium for nuclear weapons while working at the Dimona nuclear power plant from 1976 to 1985 as a technician.
In 1986, he disclosed details of the nuclear program during an interview with the Sunday Times.
Vanunu said Israel was fast developing nuclear weapons after he showed 60 photographs of Israeli plutonium spheres used for triggers in nuclear warheads.
Vanunu’s data showed that Israel possessed over 200 bombs with boosted devices, neutron bombs, F-16 deliverable warheads, and Jericho warheads.
Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize a number of times in the past, Vanunu was abducted by Israeli agents after the 1986 interview and spent 18 years in prison, including more than 11 years in solitary confinement.
After his release in 2004, Israel restricted his movements and contacts. He was arrested again for violating those restrictions on several occasions.
In May 2010, Vanunu was arrested and sentenced to three months in jail on suspicion of having met foreigners in violation of the conditions of his 2004 release.
“I am honored to inform you that the council has decided to provide Mordechai Vanunu, the medal,” said FIDH President Prof. Fanny Michaela Arizen.
“I am honored to receive this award,” Vanunu wrote in reply, adding “I’ll receive it on one condition — that I myself can be personally present to receive it. If you cannot promise me that condition, I prefer that you not give me the prize and leave the option to me when I’m free.”